"When in Rome": Ancient Roman Coin Necklace (Licinius/Jupiter) E
*Note: These coins are identified to the best of my ability using any letters/symbols that are visibly available, and searching against a numismatic database. Please note that while I try incredibly hard to correctly identify them, I am just a hobbyist -- not an expert. Each coin is hand cleaned by me in a process that takes months of soaking, toothpicking, and toothbrushing. Colorization is natural patina from old age that is valued by coin collectors, and I have protected it with Renaissance wax. Because these coins are around 2000 years old and spend hundreds of years buried in the ground, there will be imperfections in surface, patina, and shape. My coins mostly come from the Balkans, and are discovered in buried hoards by farmers tilling soil.
Materials in Bezel/Bail/Chain: Sterling Silver
Chain and Closure: 16", dainty, lobster claw closure with small jump ring
Specific Coin Identification: RIC VI Siscia 230a
Obverse: "IMP LIC LICINIVS P F AVG"
Reverse: "IOVI CONSERVATORI"
Emperor in Power: Licinius (Tetrarchy)
Emperor Bust on Coin: Licinius
Deity/Image on Back: Jupiter
Mint Date: 313 CE. This coin is ~1,708 years old.
Mint Location: Siscia
Denomination: AE3 (Bronze)
🦅This is a very special coin, as to the best of my knowledge, it was minted in 313 CE to celebrate the Edict of Milan. Depicted on the reverse of the coin is Jupiter (king of the Gods), with his trusty divine messenger eagle, holding Victory (a winged statue).
The Edict of Milan was authored by Licinius (Roman emperor of the Balkans) and Constantine I (Roman Emperor of the West). It granted everyone the freedom of religion, and stopped the persecution of Christians. Before, Christians did not have legal status, and their lands and property were taken by the Empire. Their religion was not seen as valid, and neither were they. The Edict of Milan changed this, and Christians (and other religions) were afforded full citizenship and rights (and given back their property).
Interestingly, Licinius was one of the last pagan emperors, as Constantine I became the first Augustus to adopt Christianity as his personal religion. In 380 CE, Christianity because the official religion of the empire.
Licinius and Constantine I were brothers-in-law and co-emperors, but that didn't stop them from fighting for power. A lot. Ultimately, after Licinius conspired with the Goths to regain the power he had lost in battle, Constantine I had him hanged as a traitor in 325 CE.